Center for Building a Culture of Empathy

   Home    Conference   Magazine   Movement   Services    Newsletter   Facebook    Youtube   Contact   Search

Join the International Conference on: How Might We Build a Culture of Empathy and Compassion?


Empathic Design
Empathy Circles

  Restorative Empathy Circles
Training
Conference
Magazine

Expert Interviews
Movement Building
Obama on Empathy
 

References

    Books
    Conferences
    Definitions
    Experts
(100+)
    History
    Organizations
    Quotations
    Empathy Tests

 

Culture of Empathy Builder:  Michael Slote

http://j.mp/10g1nIT

The Ethics of Care and Empathy
Michael Slote and Edwin Rutsch

Michael Slote is Professor of Ethics at the University of Miami. He has taught at Columbia University, Trinity College, Dublin, and the University of Maryland, where he was department chair for many years. He has written many articles in philosophy of mind, ethics, and political philosophy.
 

He is also author of many books including: The Ethics of Care and Empathy. This book makes use of the recent psychology literature on empathy to develop a version of care ethics that applies to both personal and political morality. In this dialog we went through Michael's book and discussed it chapter by chapter. 

"Care ethicists often speak about empathy and its role in caring attitudes and relationships, but they haven't stressed empathy to anything like the extent that I shall be doing here. I shall, for example, be making use of the recent literature of psychology to argue that empathy is the primary mechanism of caring, benevolence, compassion, etc...  I argue further, that caring motivation is based in and sustained by our human capacity for empathy with others."

 

Sub Conference: Science

 
 
 

 

 Michael Slote and Edwin Rutsch: How to Build a Culture of Empathy with an Ethics of Care

 
 

Transcripts

(Video Transcriptions: If you would like to take empathic action and create a transcription of this video, check the volunteers page.  The transcriptions will make it easier for other viewers to quickly see the content of this video.)

 

 

Empathizing with Paul Bloom and his Anti-Empathy Article: Michael Slote & Edwin Rutsch
 Paul Bloom is a Professor of Psychology and Cognitive Science at Yale University.

 

 

 

 

 

===========================================================

 

Outline of: The Ethics of Care and Empathy.

Contents



Preface

"The Ethics of Care very much needs the notion of empathy..."

 

INTRODUCTION

"Care ethicists often speak about empathy and its role in caring attitudes and  relationships, but they haven't stressed empathy to anything like the extent that I shall be doing here. I shall, for example, be making use of the recent literature of psychology to argue that empathy is the primary mechanism of caring, benevolence, compassion, etc."

 

1. CARING BASED IN EMPATHY

"I argue further, that caring motivation is based in and sustained by our human capacity for empathy with others."

  • The Ethics of Care

  • The Nature of Empathy

    "I believe that empathy and the notion of empathic caring for or about others offer us a plausible criterion of moral evaluation."

  • Empathy and Morality of Abortion

2.  OUR OBLIGATIONS TO HELP OTHERS

  • Immediacy and Distance

  • The Limits of Empathy and Obligation

3.  DEONTOLOGY

  • Empathy and Harming

  • Property, Promising, and Truthfulness

4.  AUTONOMY AND EMPATHY

  • Respect

  • Autonomy

5.  CARE ETHICS VERSUS LIBERALISM

  • Defining the Issues

  • Arguments against Liberalism

  • Paternalism

6.  SOCIAL JUSTICE

  • The Empathy in Justice

    "So an ethics of empathic caring can say that institutions and laws, as well as social customs and practices, are just if they reflect empathically caring motivation on the part of (enough of) those responsible for originating and maintaining them."

  • Distributive Justice

7.  CARING AND RATIONALITY

"Chapter 7 seeks to draw the contrast between Kantian liberalism and the ethics of care in wider, and perhaps starker, terms. Kantian liberalism is a form of ethical rationalism, but the sentimentalist ethics of caring doesn't see immorality as a form of irrationally. The person who hates and hurts others, or who is indifferent to anyone but himself, doesn't necessarily seem to us irrational: what he does seem is heartless."

  • Is Morality Necessarily Rational

  • Views of Practical Rationality

  • Rational Self-concern and Instrumental Rationality

  • Caring versus Self-Concern

CONCLUSION


"But it would be nice to be able to suggest some sort of explanation as to why empathy is relevant to right and  wrong, and in the conclusion of this book I try to do this."


 

Autonomy and Empathy  - PAPER

"When Carol Gilligan, Nel Noddings, and other ethicists of caring draw the contrast between supposedly masculine and supposedly feminine moral thinking, they put such things as justice, autonomy, and rights together under the first rubric and such things as caring, responsibility for others, and connection together under the second. This division naturally leaves caring ethicists with the issue of how to deal with topics such as justice, autonomy, and rights, but it also leaves defenders of more traditional moral theories (now dubbed “masculine”) with the problem of how to treat (if at all) the sorts of issues that ethicists of caring raise."


 

 

Peter Singer & Michael Slote from Philosophy TV on Vimeo.

 

"Singer is famous for his brand of utilitarianism, his case of the drowning child, and his radical views on famine relief. Slote has developed a version of moral sentimentalism that provides a basis for criticism of Singer’s views. In this conversation, Singer and Slote debate the nature of our obligations to those in need, the place of empathy in our moral concepts, and the proper goal of philosophical argument."

  • Peter: helping a drowning child that you see

  • vrs. how about helping dying children overseas

  • Michael: empathy definition

    • empathy v sympathy

      • I feel your pain - a relationship - Empathy-altruism

      • I feel sorry for your pain - I hope to help

    • empathy not shared emotion

    • empathy with groups - empathic responses

    • empathy relates to moral distinctions

  • 18:00 - Peter

  • 25:00 -Michael: what is truth of our moral obligation

  • 30:00 - you don't have to be a saint to do good

    • it arises

    • more empathic with people we know and are close to v strangers

    • stronger obligations to those near and dear to us

    • empathy and obligation

    • empathy arises against a background of self concern

    • need to see what empathy is

    • don't need to be a saint to have empathy

     

  • 33:00 - Peter

    • empathy and psychological differences

    • relate more to people when we have a photo

    • I want people to give more to the poor

  • 55:00 - Michael:

    • empathic reactions and our moral judgments

    • empathy is primarily directed towards others

    • empathy is part to our concept of right and wrong

  • 38:00 - Peter

  • 39:00 - Michael:

  • ....

  • A fully empathic person

  • 46:00 - how do you raise empathy

    • read to children

    • etc.

    • empathy - the way we are -

    • techniques of moral education

  • What is morality?

    • morality is descriptive of who we are

    • we are woefully inadequate in our empathic training

    • article in theory and education of how to teach empathy

  • Need to increase empathy to e aware of our moral obligations

  • where does the imperative come from?

  • Fully empathic -

  • 52:00 Limits

    • second order empathy - I am warmed by the warmth between others